Tuesday, February 23, 2010

Theory of the death of Pharaoh Tutankhamun

Home Egyptian Museum surrounded by journalists from all over the world, Wednesday (17 / 2). They, call Nevine El-Aref of Al-Ahram, desperately trying to peek mummies parents and grandmother of one of the famous pharaoh, King Tutankhamun.

After 88 years of the discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb, the mystery of the 18th dynasty, one of the most influential families in the New Kingdom in Egypt, finally revealed as well.

"Amarna Period as a drama without end. We know permulaanya but never managed to find the end of the story," said Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of the High Council of Egypt Site Kepurbakalan SCA) in a press conference in the Egyptian Museum.

"Now with the technology of modern science and DNA analysis of five royal mummies from the New Kingdom era, 70 percent of the Amarna period of history began to open and answered some of the confusion started," said the Egyptian government leaders responsible for archaeological objects were.

Hawass announced, mummies from tomb KV 55 in the Valley of the Kings, who in 1955 was believed by archaeologists as Samenka Re and died at the age of 25 years, it was Akhenaten, the king who introduced the monotheistic system in Egypt, who died at the age of 45 up to 55 years.

DNA testing also shows Akhenaten as the father of Tutankhamun, not his brother, as long as many experts believed.

Archaeological evidence supports the findings, including the pieces together Hawass inscription in 2008. The inscription shows Ankhesenamun Tutankhamun and his wife sat together.

There was writing on the stone pieces that explain Tutankhamun as a "son of the King's blood Tutankhaten own flesh" and his wife as "the daughter of the King's blood Ankhesenaten own flesh." The only king who may be referred to as the father of both the mummy is Akhenaten.

Physical character style men or women of Akhenaten, according to Hawass, is a form of iconography that contains the actual appearance of the Pharaoh.

"According to religious beliefs Amarna, Aten is the symbol of women and men. Therefore Akhenaten represent the form of men and women," said Hawass.

The mummy of Queen Tiye, wife of Amenhotep III and mother of Akhenaten, who was also identified as the 'Old Lady-Headed', found at 35 KV side by side with the young woman later identified as Tutankhamun's mother.

His name is in the search process even though the DNA test results showed that he was one of five daughters and sisters of Amenhotep III and Akhenaten.

"The results of DNA tests prove that the mummy of Nefertiti was not the daughter or Merit Amoun Akhenaten," Hawass explained.

But how exactly Tutankhamun die?

Solving the mystery of Tutankhamun's death at a young age, SCA developed a comprehensive scientific study of mummies mummy of Tutankhamun and the other 11 in the year 2005.

Egyptian expert, a radiologist, anatomist, pathologist, and forensic experts trying to explain the 1700 results of the scan the mummy of Tutankhamun photo and finally concluded that the young king who died at the age of 19 years, was not killed by hit on the back of his head like this for a suspect.

There is no evidence showing the former blow. Two pieces of loose bone in the skull was not caused by injury prior to death because the bones were embedded in the embalming material.

After installing the pieces of bone collar bone and the foramen magnum, the research team concluded that the release of bone occurs in the embalming process or when Howard Carter's team in 1922 to open a gold mask taped to the front of the mummy.

This team has a theory that the cracked bone in the back of the head of the mummy is a channel for the input of liquid balm to the skull. Two layers of embalming materials with the level of different types found in the organs to strengthen the team confidence.

The study team also showed a fracture in the left thigh bone, which leads to the conclusion that the king of broken bones a few days before his death.

Now with the help of the same expert team and medical anthropologist from Germany, the cause of Tutankhamun's death could be known.

The Pharaoh died of Malaria and Tropical Pathogens.

"Unfortunately his death due to malaria. Even now we do not have good medicine for the disease," said Carsten Pusch paleogenetik experts from the University Tebingen.

The team concluded that the fractures that plagued the young king led his condition was more critical.

"It is not that great of a Pharaoh or a strong leader, (the opposite is) a young, frail and weak. He can not walk alone and need someone else or a stick to walk because of suffering from bone necrosis," Pusch said.

Tutankhamun's family suffered from infections and disabilities. Some diseases such as Kohler's Disease II, bone disorder, has been diagnosed in four mummies mummy of Tutankhamen and others in his family.

CTN scans, so the Executive Director of the Cairo-scan Center Ashraf Selim, Tutankhamun had suffered bjuga "necrosis of the blood vessel wall", a disease that causes decreased blood supply to the bone.

"This is what makes Tutankhamun highly susceptible to physical injury and one that caused his left leg disability," Selim review.

"These findings answer the question why in 130 sticks walker in his grave and why he is often portrayed, in some relif, was firing his arrow as he sat down," said Hawass.